A Composting Recipe
The most asked about question I read or hear is, “How do you make compost?” Well, from my experience there’s only 3 elements that need to be right, right from the beginning. These are air, heat and moisture.
Its not the grass, twigs, leaves or veg peelings that are solely responsible for making compost, although they are a very important. Its the micro-organisms that really do the hard work and they are the ones you need to keep happy. Microbes work best when there is plenty of air, heat and moisture so they can break down organic matter in a effective way. By not providing these microbes with the right environment, with the right food in the right way, may, result with a substance that resembles a slimy gooey mess. Not ideal !!
1. Compost holders, ideally should be made from wood with narrows gaps between the panels to let in air.
2. Covering the top of your compost holder with black pastic and a piece of carpet helps to keep it warm.
3. Control the moisture, don’t be afraid to water your compost when it starts to dry out. The mixture should be kept moist at all times !!!
Very important this – you also need to add the same amount of BROWN waste as green. ‘Browns’ provide microbes with a food source, without it, they will die or not work to their full potential.
BROWN ITEMS – things like
•Twigs, chipped tree branches/bark
•Straw or hay
•Paper (newspaper, writing/printing paper, paper plates and napkins, coffee filters)
Also needed is green waste these help microbes grow and multiply.
GREEN ITEMS – things like
•Coffee grounds/tea bags
•Vegetable and fruit scraps
•Trimmings from annual plants
•Annual weeds that haven’t set seed
•Animal manures (cow, horse, sheep, chicken, rabbit, etc. No dog or cat manure.)
Ideally, when putting green and brown waste into bin/holder they should be alternatively layered, although this is not always possible.
Every 3 months or so, turn the contents over because a compost bin/holder is aerobic – it needs plenty of air. If its of the plastic kind, every 2-3 weeks because a plastic bin provides a more anaerobic (without air) environment, not really ideal for providing all 3 elements which are, air, heat, moisture. By missing just one of those 3 elements, composting will not be as successful and take longer to produce.
If you choose to make your own holders yourself, like I have here. Build them to a design that will give you easy access to its contents.
Happy composting !!!